Factors associated with the distributions of orchids in the Jeseníky mountains, Czech Republic

  • Zuzana Štípková Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Science, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300 Brno, Czech Republic
  • Dušan Romportl Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Science, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300 Brno, Czech Republic
  • Veronika Černocká Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Benátská 2, 12801 Prague 2, Czech Republic
  • Pavel Kindlmann Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Science, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300 Brno, Czech Republic

Abstract

Species distribution models are a useful tool and are now often used in many branches of biology, especially when dealing with threatened organisms. In combination with GIS techniques, these models are especially important and valuable for predicting the occurrence of rare species, for example orchids. Orchids are an endangered plant group, protected worldwide. Questions about their conservation are therefore highly discussed, but not all factors affecting their survival and distribution are known. Here we present an example of using SDMs for analysing orchid species occurrence data from the Jeseniky Mountains in the Czech Republic. Our data were analysed using the MaxEnt program, which produces species distribution maps and thus allows the prediction of the potential occurrence of orchids at yet unknown localities. This program also determines the environmental factors affecting species distribution. This is important for the better protection of orchids, because only by knowing these factors can new localities be found or the management plans that are crucial for maintaining orchid localities be improved. We studied the most abundant orchid species in the given region. We determined the most important factors affecting their occurrence and also areas, where new sites are most likely to be discovered and depicted them in potential distribution maps. This approach can help in finding new localities of orchids and in understanding, which environmental factors influence the occurrence of endangered orchids.

Author Biographies

Zuzana Štípková, Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Science, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300 Brno, Czech Republic

Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Benátská 2, 12801 Prague 2, Czech Republic

Dušan Romportl, Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Science, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300 Brno, Czech Republic

Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Albertov 6, 128 43 Praha 2, Czech Republic

Pavel Kindlmann, Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Science, Bělidla 986/4a, 60300 Brno, Czech Republic

Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Benátská 2, 12801 Prague 2, Czech Republic

Published
2017-12-12
How to Cite
ŠTÍPKOVÁ, Zuzana et al. Factors associated with the distributions of orchids in the Jeseníky mountains, Czech Republic. European Journal of Environmental Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 2, p. 135-145, dec. 2017. ISSN 2336-1964. Available at: <http://www.ejes.cz/index.php/ejes/article/view/318>. Date accessed: 24 may 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.14712/23361964.2017.13.
Section
Articles